Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) is storage for the internet which you can use Amazon S3 to store and retrieve any amount of data at any time, from anywhere on the web.
AWS Backup is a fully managed backup service that makes it easy to centralize and automate the backup of data across AWS services in the cloud as well as on premises.
Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) is a web service that provides block level storage volumes for use with EC2 instances.
Amazon Elastic File System can create a file system, mount the file system on your EC2 instances, and then read and write data from your EC2 instances to and from your file system.
Amazon FSx provides fully managed third-party file systems with the native compatibility and feature sets for workloads such as Microsoft Windows–based storage, high-performance computing, machine learning, and electronic design automation.
Amazon S3 Glacier
Amazon S3 Glacier provides durable and extremely low-cost storage for infrequently used data with security features for data archiving and backup.
AWS Snow Family
The AWS Snow Family is a service that helps customers who need to run operations in austere, non-data center environments, and in locations where there's no consistent network connectivity.
AWS Storage Gateway
AWS Storage Gateway is a service that connects an on-premises software appliance with cloud-based storage to provide seamless and secure integration between your on-premises IT environment and the AWS storage infrastructure in the cloud.
This is an introduction to the AWS Storage Services.
Reference: AWS Docs